Ultrasonic Testing – UT Level 1 & 2

    This course offers a high practical content and relevant theoretical background to enable students to achieve a good understanding of ultrasonic inspection.

    Candidates on completion of the course will be able to calibrate a flaw detector with both compression and shear wave probes, record accurate thickness measurements and locate and size laminations in steel plate, and finally produce acceptable reports.

    This course will enable the student to measure the remaining wall thickness of materials and inspect the materials by straight beam.

    The course is suitable for candidates who are wishing to progress towards any of the examination qualifications. The course has a high practical content; all equipment is provided.

    Duration 10 Days

    Study Guides, Study Guides and Practical



    Candidate must pass the examinations to receive Level 1 & 2 certificates

    Examination Papers

    General Exam: Objective type closed book written exam address the basic principles of the applicable method.

    Specific Exam: Objective type open book written exam address the equipment, operating procedure, NDT technique, Codes and standards.

    Practical Exam: The Candidate should demonstrate familiarity with and ability to operate the necessary NDT equipment, record, and analyse the resultant information to the degree required.

    Special Notes

    An ideal course for candidates wishing to improve their skills in the practical use of ultrasonic test methods on weldmentsThis course specifically designed for candidates wishing to become certificated as ultrasonic operators under the ASNT requirements.

    Overall Course content

    • Basic principles of ultrasonic testing
    • Flaw detectors
    • Defect locations and sizing techniques
    • Use of calibration and reference blocks
    • Examination of plate material and associated welds
    • Report writing and discussion of relevant codes and standards
    • Practice on artificially flawed specimens

    Course Syllabus

    • Definition of ultrasonic Application of ultrasonic energy
    • Basic math review
    • Responsibilities of level of certification
    • Nature of sound waves
    • Modes of sound wave generation
    • Velocity, Frequency and Wavelength of sound waves
    • Attenuation of sound waves
    • Acoustic impedance
    • Reflection, Refraction and ode conversion
    • Snell’s law and critical angles
    • Near and Far Zone effects
    • Basic pulse echo instrumentation (A, B, C scan)
    • Basic instrument calibration
    • Calibration blocks - type and use
    • Digital thickness instrumentation
    • Piezo electric effect
    • Transducer element types
    • Frequency (transducer element and thickness relationships)
    • Beam spread
    • Straight , Dual, Angle transducers
    • Sensitivity
    • Resolution
    • Purpose of couplant and couplant material in relation to materials
    • Contact method
    • Immersion method
    • Longitudinal waves
    • Shear Waves
    • Surface waves
    • Plate waves
    • Transducers in water
    • Focused transducers
    • Curved surfaces
    • Pulse echo and through transmission
    • Comparison of contact and immersion methods
    • DAC- distance amplitude correction
    • Transfer correction
    • Screen height Linearity
    • Horizontal Linearity
    • Comparison with reference blocks
    • Ingots
    • Forging
    • Casting
    • Different welding processes
    • Extrusion
    • Rolling
    • Pipe and tubular products
    • Types, origin and typical Orientation of discontinuities
    • Response of discontinuities to ultrasound
    • Applicable codes and standards
    • Size, type and Location of discontinuities
    • Techniques used in detection
    • Material and velocity variations
    • Effects of ultrasonic frequency
    • Interpretation of different echo patterns
    • Evaluation
    • Acceptance criteria
    • Application of results of other NDT methods
    • Reporting